Important Letters/Guidelines

Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya

 

 

About programme

The Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) scheme was launched by the Government of India in August, 2004 for setting up residential schools at upper primary level for girls belonging predominantly to the SC, ST, OBC and minorities in difficult areas. The scheme of the KGBV ran in harmony with the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) but as a separate scheme with, National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) and Mahila Samakhya (MS) for the first two years. But since 1st April, 2007 KGBV merged with the SSA programme as a separate component of that programme and has been into function from then onwards.

 

Whom does it target?

The scheme was applicable, in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) where the rural female literacy is below the national average (46.13%: Census 2001) and gender gap in literacy is more than the national average (21.59%: Census 2001).

Schools were majorly set up in areas with:

  concentration of tribal population, with low female literacy and/or a large number of out of school girls

  concentration of SC, OBC and minority populations, with low female literacy and/or a large number of girls out of school

  areas with low female literacy

  areas with a large number of small, scattered habitations that do not qualify for a school

Objectives of KGBVs

 

The major objective of running a KGBV is:

  •  Reduce Gender Disparities

Gender disparities still persist in rural areas and among disadvantaged communities. Hence the enrolment trends show that, there remains a significant gap in the enrolment of girls at the elementary level as compared to boys, especially at the upper primary levels.

  •  Impart Quality Education

Ensure access and quality education to the girls of disadvantaged groups of society by setting up residential schools at upper primary level.

The supporting causes are:

  •  To bring all the girls of 11-14 years within the periphery of elementary education.

  •  To bring elementary Education within the reach of girls belonging to the lower strata of society .To ensure academic excellence among girls through participative learning process.

  • To empower girls by helping them to acquire a set of life skill values. To make girls aware of their rights and social responsibilities.

  • To provide learning atmosphere for education of girls and provide necessary supportive structure. To guide girls to visualize their potential and choose vacations.

  • To develop analytical skill and build capabilities of decision making through awareness building and capacity building.

Need of KGBVs in Jharkhand

Being a newly born state which is politically divided from the state of Bihar, Jharkhand is in the way of progress. But the rural areas are not in the same pace of development as of the urban areas. The literacy rate in Jharkhand was below the national average and girls’ literacy rate was one which could not be even considered for comparison.

Girls in general are not sent to schools after their primary is completed. This gender bias which has been and is still in practice makes it a very miserable situation for girls’ education in Jharkhand. There is much economic crisis which does not allow parents to send them to school as they want them to share hands and increase the family income as the society demands the marriage of girls as their last and final state after however much education they are imparted.

To create a better learning environment imparting quality education to girls after primary this residential schools are in much need. They help them to grow up in a safe, secure and proper situation giving them the idea of need for education and the scope they have after their school creating a better future prospect. KGBVs being residential also lower the economic burden of the girl from the family along with providing education

Year Wise Establishment of KGBVs

 

 Financial year -

 2005-06

  2006-07

  2007-08

  2008-09

   2010-11

No. of KGBV sanctioned

74

81

32

11

5

Total no. of established KGBVs in that year

74

155

187

198

203

 Presentally, a total of 203 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas are functional in the state.

Academics

Proper functioning of classes from 6th to 12th

A total of 203 KGBVs are functional in the state with a goal to provide access to quality education to girls of disadvantaged community living in EBBs, who remain outside the educational system.

There are classes introduced for girls from 6th to 12th. The class from 6th to 8th for 150 girls. And classes from 9th to 12th are to enroll 50 girls each. Thus, a running KGBV is serving 350 girls every year in the state of Jharkhand.

The central government had made this a provision for girls from 6th to 8th to be educated and nourished but the state government has added classes from 9th to 12th as well for better scope to be provided to them.

State had introduced classes 9th and 10th in the year of 2008-2009 and the classes of 11th and 12th in the year 2009-2010. Hence this additional provision has been provided by the state to ensure higher degrees of educated and forward population of girls in the state of Jharkhand.

Subject wise availability of teachers

Each KGBV is manned with 5 teachers and part time teachers as per requirement. Each school has a management committee that plays key role in making decision. There is a teacher each for language, science, mathematics, social science and physical training. In case of unavailability of teachers, par time teachers are called on for teaching. One among the teachers acts as a warden as well. The warden is the head of school and administrative head, has given the entire responsibility of taking care of the hostels and regular residential needs of the girls as well.

Infrastructure

School building

There are a total of 203 KGBVs in Jharkhand. Since the infrastructure building takes a lot of time KGBVs were set up in which-ever possible place to at least start its functioning.

The central government had given 20 lakhs per building on which the state government added a more of 20 lakhs to build up a 40 lakh building. These building construction works takes place through construction committees. Now state government gives more leading and provided 1.2 crore for building construction.

Basic daily needs

The basic daily requirements of the KGBVs are being met by the authority assigned. They are provided with their school uniforms as per as the season and classes concerned. Also they are given special dresses in times of programs and cultural celebrations. They are given the regular practice things like soap, bush, comb, oil etc. They are provided proper nutritious foods containing all nutrients and contents needed for both physical and mental growth. They are given the medical needs as well both on regular basis as well as on emergency terms.

Every requirement of them as a part of the basic daily needs is met. Their daily needs are taken into consideration and government provides proper funds to support them as well.

 

School Management

Members

  • Teachers

There are 5 posts of teachers for language, science, mathematics and social science along with one physical trainer as well. In case of absence or extra need teachers are employed on temporary basis as well.

The permanent teachers stay with the girls and are assigned some heads under them which they take care of along with the teaching responsibilities they have. They can be assigned to take care of the kitchen or residential handling etc.

When in case of absence or leave of any teacher other teachers do take up the responsibility of that teacher and hence keep the proper functioning of the system on roll.

  • Non-teaching staffs

There are three posts of non-teaching staffs comprising one for cook, one for guard and one for accountant.

They are assigned the role to cook food, act as a security guard to protect the campus and lastly to calculate and keep track of the expenditure accounts respectively.

  • Warden

Initially, the most educated and experienced teacher among the four subject teachers are given the responsibility of being the warden. The warden is changed every two years and every teacher becomes the warden.

The warden is the administrative head of management at the school level.

The warden is given the responsibility of every aspect to be handled at the school level. Warden assigns the duty of handling each part of school management to each teacher and keeps an eye on the functioning of every teaching, non-teaching staffs, cultural events and everyday life running.

School Management Committees

There are a total of 11 members in school management committee who are as follows:

  • 3 parent members:1female, 1 SC, 1 ST

  • 2 president of village education committee from nearby government schools

  • 2 students who are the monitors of class 7 and 8

  • 1teacher

  • I Block Development Officer

  • 1 Block Education Extension Officer

  • 1 warden

They take the major decisions for the school as a committee. They take account of viewpoints of every member and try to solve problems and create policies for the betterment of KGBVs.

School Purchase Committees

There are a total of 07 members in school management purchase committee who are as follows:

  • President of school management committee - President

  • 01 representative of  District Deputy Commissioner - Member

  • 01 representative of  District Education Officer - Member

  • Block Education Extension Officer - Member

  • Block Supply Officer - Member

  • Accountant of school - Member

  • Warden – Member secretary

  • All purchase at school level takes place through open tender system.

Fund and Accounts Maintenance in KGBVs

There is post of accountant who takes care of the regular day accounts for the functioning of KGBVs.

There are particular heads assigned by the central ministry under which a school is able to make expenses. The expenses are also defined on the basis of amount per girl per month or, per girl per annum or, per annum for total girls in all.

1.  Maintenance per girl per month

A total sum of Rs.1500 per girl per month is given to the girls to meet their daily needs which they require in their day to day life. The food for the girls is also provided from these accounts only. The school uniform is also considered under this head.

2.   Stipend

An amount of Rs.100 is given to the girls per month as stipend which is put in a special account opened up in their name. This amount is to be given to the girls or be used for any specific need of the particular girl.

3.   Supplimentary TLM,  stationary and other educational materials

An amount of Rs.100 per girl per annum is given to meet the requirements of their course books, copies, pens, pencils, drawing materials etc. These are spent on the academic materials that the girls need for education.

4.   Specific skill training

An amount of Rs.1000 per girl per annum is given for all girls to train them in various specific skills. These include career counseling, computer, spoken english etc. Courses includes along with the monthly payment of the trainer. All these needs are met under this head.

5.  Electricity and water charges

There is a specified amount of Rs.1000 per girl per annum is to meet their needs of regular electricity and water charges.

6.  Medical

The regular day medical needs and emergency expenses of each girl is met by the funds provided under this head. An amount of Rs.1250 per girl per year is provided as a part of budget headings.

7.  Miscellaneous

An amount of Rs.750 per girl per annum is given to the schools per annum in total for all the girls to meet the residential needs which are miscellaneous in nature as their expenses are not continuous and sudden.

8.  School maintenance

An amount of Rs.750 per girl per annum is set for the school building maintenance and other recurring costs to maintain a school infrastructure. This amount is given per annum in totality for all girls.

9.  Preparatory camp

An amount of Rs.200 per girl per annum provided to conduct preparatory camps in order to mobilize the KGBV encouraging more enrollments in the schools. This camp is carried forward to encourage parents to send their daughters to school.

10.  School function

An amount of Rs.200 per girl per annum dedicated to the cause of functions of school, cultural celebrations, parent teacher meetings and other fests that are celebrated in the schools. This amount is given on per annum basis in total for all the girls. It is to support the recurring costs of dresses, props etc.

11. Capacity building

An amount of Rs.500 per girl per annum provide for training and Rs. 200 per girl per annum for self defense training of girls increase their capacity and build the self confidence in them.

Progress Overview (31/03/2016)

Classwise Enrollment of Girls (VI-VIII)

Sl.No. District No. of KGBV Class wise Total
VI VII VIII
1 Bokaro 8 408 313 267 988
2 Chatra 10 489 477 459 1425
3 Deoghar 8 379 331 341 1051
4 Dhanbad 6 308 293 298 899
5 Dumka 10 500 500 500 1500
6 Garhwa 14 696 683 670 2049
7 Giridih 12 617 589 546 1752
8 Godda 8 407 368 358 1133
9 Gumla 10 500 499 500 1499
10 Hazaribagh 10 450 481 447 1378
11 Jamatara 4 199 200 200 599
12 Khunti 5 250 251 249 750
13 Koderma 4 197 151 156 504
14 Latehar 6 298 297 297 892
15 Lohardaga 5 234 212 238 684
16 Pakur 6 322 280 251 853
17 Palamu 12 600 600 600 1800
18 Pashchimi Singbhum 15 690 676 685 2051
19 Purbi Singhbhum 9 450 450 450 1350
20 Ramgarh 4 200 192 187 579
21 Ranchi 13 628 623 640 1891
22 Sahibganj 9 456 411 375 1242
23 Saraikela Kharsawan 8 413 391 396 1200
24 Simdega 7 328 332 333 993
Total 203 10019 9600 9443 29062

(Source: AWP&B 2016-17)

  Classwise Enrollment of Girls (IX-XII)

Sl.No. District No. of KGBV Class wise Total
IX X XI XII
1 Bokaro 8 331 324 236 220 1111
2 Chatra 10 437 361 264 174 1236
3 Deoghar 8 342 343 253 195 1133
4 Dhanbad 6 298 293 303 285 1179
5 Dumka 10 470 496 149 100 1215
6 Garhwa 14 677 572 444 430 2123
7 Giridih 12 587 529 387 301 1804
8 Godda 8 370 318 210 129 1027
9 Gumla 10 666 316 345 254 1581
10 Hazaribagh 10 462 483 312 294 1551
11 Jamatara 4 199 190 119 113 621
12 Khunti 5 247 232 185 192 856
13 Koderma 4 200 190 151 142 683
14 Latehar 6 303 302 217 184 1006
15 Lohardaga 5 223 221 183 117 744
16 Pakur 6 259 152 46 29 486
17 Palamu 12 600 577 586 521 2284
18 Pashchimi Singbhum 15 682 639 639 623 2583
19 Purbi Singhbhum 9 426 449 462 414 1751
20 Ramgarh 4 186 185 140 107 618
21 Ranchi 13 573 516 408 392 1889
22 Sahibganj 9 406 348 182 218 1154
23 Saraikela Kharsawan 8 404 367 425 306 1502
24 Simdega 7 276 192 182 78 728
Total 203 9624 8595 6828 5818 30865

(Source: AWP&B 2016-17)

  Full time teachers

Sl.No. District Total no. of KGBV Target Teachers in place
1 Bokaro 8 40 19
2 Chatra 10 50 21
3 Deoghar 8 40 27
4 Dhanbad 6 30 21
5 Dumka 10 50 41
6 Garhwa 14 70 26
7 Giridih 12 60 36
8 Godda 8 40 35
9 Gumla 10 50 22
10 Hazaribagh 10 50 29
11 Jamatara 4 20 15
12 Khunti 5 25 20
13 Koderma 4 20 12
14 Latehar 6 30 19
15 Lohardaga 5 25 17
16 Pakur 6 30 16
17 Palamu 12 60 29
18 Pashchimi Singbhum 15 75 59
19 Purbi Singhbhum 9 45 21
20 Ramgarh 4 20 7
21 Ranchi 13 65 42
22 Sahibganj 9 45 39
23 Saraikela Kharsawan 8 40 34
24 Simdega 7 35 33
Grand Total 203 1015 640

(Source: AWP&B 2016-17)

  Full time non-teaching staffs

Sl.No. District Total no. of KGBV Accountant Cook Night Guard
Working Working Working
1 Bokaro 8 5 7 7
2 Chatra 10 7 9 9
3 Deoghar 8 8 8 8
4 Dhanbad 6 6 6 6
5 Dumka 10 9 10 10
6 Garhwa 14 9 13 13
7 Giridih 12 12 9 0
8 Godda 8 8 6 4
9 Gumla 10 10 8 12
10 Hazaribagh 10 7 7 8
11 Jamatara 4 3 4 4
12 Khunti 5 5 5 4
13 Koderma 4 3 2 4
14 Latehar 6 6 5 4
15 Lohardaga 5 3 5 4
16 Pakur 6 6 6 6
17 Palamu 12 11 12 12
18 Pashchimi Singbhum 15 14 15 15
19 Purbi Singhbhum 9 8 4 9
20 Ramgarh 4 3 2 3
21 Ranchi 13 9 11 13
22 Sahibganj 9 9 9 9
23 Saraikela Kharsawan 8 8 7 7
24 Simdega 7 5 7 6

Grand Total

203 174 177 177

(Source: AWP&B 2016-17)

 
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