Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya
The Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) scheme was launched by the Government of India in August, 2004 for setting up residential schools at upper primary level for girls belonging predominantly to the SC, ST, OBC and minorities in difficult areas. The scheme of the KGBV ran in harmony with the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) but as a separate scheme with, National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) and Mahila Samakhya (MS) for the first two years. But since 1st April, 2007 KGBV merged with the SSA programme as a separate component of that programme and has been into function from then onwards.
Whom does it target?
The scheme was applicable, in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) where the rural female literacy is below the national average (46.13%: Census 2001) and gender gap in literacy is more than the national average (21.59%: Census 2001).
Schools were majorly set up in areas with:
· concentration of tribal population, with low female literacy and/or a large number of out of school girls
· concentration of SC, OBC and minority populations, with low female literacy and/or a large number of girls out of school
· areas with low female literacy
· areas with a large number of small, scattered habitations that do not qualify for a school
Objectives of KGBVs
The major objective of running a KGBV is:
Gender disparities still persist in rural areas and among disadvantaged communities. Hence the enrolment trends show that, there remains a significant gap in the enrolment of girls at the elementary level as compared to boys, especially at the upper primary levels.
Ensure access and quality education to the girls of disadvantaged groups of society by setting up residential schools at upper primary level.
The supporting causes are:
Need of KGBVs in Jharkhand
Being a newly born state which is politically divided from the state of Bihar, Jharkhand is in the way of progress. But the rural areas are not in the same pace of development as of the urban areas. The literacy rate in Jharkhand was below the national average and girls’ literacy rate was one which could not be even considered for comparison.
Girls in general are not sent to schools after their primary is completed. This gender bias which has been and is still in practice makes it a very miserable situation for girls’ education in Jharkhand. There is much economic crisis which does not allow parents to send them to school as they want them to share hands and increase the family income as the society demands the marriage of girls as their last and final state after however much education they are imparted.
To create a better learning environment imparting quality education to girls after primary this residential schools are in much need. They help them to grow up in a safe, secure and proper situation giving them the idea of need for education and the scope they have after their school creating a better future prospect. KGBVs being residential also lower the economic burden of the girl from the family along with providing education
Year Wise Establishment of KGBVs
Presentally, a total of 203 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas are functional in the state.
Proper functioning of classes from 6th to 12th
A total of 203 KGBVs are functional in the state with a goal to provide access to quality education to girls of disadvantaged community living in EBBs, who remain outside the educational system.
There are classes introduced for girls from 6th to 12th. The class from 6th to 8th for 150 girls. And classes from 9th to 12th are to enroll 50 girls each. Thus, a running KGBV is serving 350 girls every year in the state of Jharkhand.
The central government had made this a provision for girls from 6th to 8th to be educated and nourished but the state government has added classes from 9th to 12th as well for better scope to be provided to them.
State had introduced classes 9th and 10th in the year of 2008-2009 and the classes of 11th and 12th in the year 2009-2010. Hence this additional provision has been provided by the state to ensure higher degrees of educated and forward population of girls in the state of Jharkhand.
Subject wise availability of teachers
Each KGBV is manned with 5 teachers and part time teachers as per requirement. Each school has a management committee that plays key role in making decision. There is a teacher each for language, science, mathematics, social science and physical training. In case of unavailability of teachers, par time teachers are called on for teaching. One among the teachers acts as a warden as well. The warden is the head of school and administrative head, has given the entire responsibility of taking care of the hostels and regular residential needs of the girls as well.
There are a total of 203 KGBVs in Jharkhand. Since the infrastructure building takes a lot of time KGBVs were set up in which-ever possible place to at least start its functioning.
The central government had given 20 lakhs per building on which the state government added a more of 20 lakhs to build up a 40 lakh building. These building construction works takes place through construction committees. Now state government gives more leading and provided 1.2 crore for building construction.
Basic daily needs
The basic daily requirements of the KGBVs are being met by the authority assigned. They are provided with their school uniforms as per as the season and classes concerned. Also they are given special dresses in times of programs and cultural celebrations. They are given the regular practice things like soap, bush, comb, oil etc. They are provided proper nutritious foods containing all nutrients and contents needed for both physical and mental growth. They are given the medical needs as well both on regular basis as well as on emergency terms.
Every requirement of them as a part of the basic daily needs is met. Their daily needs are taken into consideration and government provides proper funds to support them as well.
There are 5 posts of teachers for language, science, mathematics and social science along with one physical trainer as well. In case of absence or extra need teachers are employed on temporary basis as well.
The permanent teachers stay with the girls and are assigned some heads under them which they take care of along with the teaching responsibilities they have. They can be assigned to take care of the kitchen or residential handling etc.
When in case of absence or leave of any teacher other teachers do take up the responsibility of that teacher and hence keep the proper functioning of the system on roll.
There are three posts of non-teaching staffs comprising one for cook, one for guard and one for accountant.
They are assigned the role to cook food, act as a security guard to protect the campus and lastly to calculate and keep track of the expenditure accounts respectively.
Initially, the most educated and experienced teacher among the four subject teachers are given the responsibility of being the warden. The warden is changed every two years and every teacher becomes the warden.
The warden is the administrative head of management at the school level.
The warden is given the responsibility of every aspect to be handled at the school level. Warden assigns the duty of handling each part of school management to each teacher and keeps an eye on the functioning of every teaching, non-teaching staffs, cultural events and everyday life running.
School Management Committees
There are a total of 11 members in school management committee who are as follows:
They take the major decisions for the school as a committee. They take account of viewpoints of every member and try to solve problems and create policies for the betterment of KGBVs.
School Purchase Committees
There are a total of 07 members in school management purchase committee who are as follows:
Fund and Accounts Maintenance in KGBVs
There is post of accountant who takes care of the regular day accounts for the functioning of KGBVs.
There are particular heads assigned by the central ministry under which a school is able to make expenses. The expenses are also defined on the basis of amount per girl per month or, per girl per annum or, per annum for total girls in all.
1. Maintenance per girl per month
A total sum of Rs.1500 per girl per month is given to the girls to meet their daily needs which they require in their day to day life. The food for the girls is also provided from these accounts only. The school uniform is also considered under this head.
An amount of Rs.100 is given to the girls per month as stipend which is put in a special account opened up in their name. This amount is to be given to the girls or be used for any specific need of the particular girl.
3. Supplimentary TLM, stationary and other educational materials
An amount of Rs.100 per girl per annum is given to meet the requirements of their course books, copies, pens, pencils, drawing materials etc. These are spent on the academic materials that the girls need for education.
4. Specific skill training
An amount of Rs.1000 per girl per annum is given for all girls to train them in various specific skills. These include career counseling, computer, spoken english etc. Courses includes along with the monthly payment of the trainer. All these needs are met under this head.
5. Electricity and water charges
There is a specified amount of Rs.1000 per girl per annum is to meet their needs of regular electricity and water charges.
The regular day medical needs and emergency expenses of each girl is met by the funds provided under this head. An amount of Rs.1250 per girl per year is provided as a part of budget headings.
An amount of Rs.750 per girl per annum is given to the schools per annum in total for all the girls to meet the residential needs which are miscellaneous in nature as their expenses are not continuous and sudden.
8. School maintenance
An amount of Rs.750 per girl per annum is set for the school building maintenance and other recurring costs to maintain a school infrastructure. This amount is given per annum in totality for all girls.
9. Preparatory camp
An amount of Rs.200 per girl per annum provided to conduct preparatory camps in order to mobilize the KGBV encouraging more enrollments in the schools. This camp is carried forward to encourage parents to send their daughters to school.
10. School function
An amount of Rs.200 per girl per annum dedicated to the cause of functions of school, cultural celebrations, parent teacher meetings and other fests that are celebrated in the schools. This amount is given on per annum basis in total for all the girls. It is to support the recurring costs of dresses, props etc.
11. Capacity building
An amount of Rs.500 per girl per annum provide for training and Rs. 200 per girl per annum for self defense training of girls increase their capacity and build the self confidence in them.
Progress Overview (31/03/2016)
Classwise Enrollment of Girls (VI-VIII)
(Source: AWP&B 2016-17)
Classwise Enrollment of Girls (IX-XII)
(Source: AWP&B 2016-17)
Full time teachers
(Source: AWP&B 2016-17)
Full time non-teaching staffs
(Source: AWP&B 2016-17)
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